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  • Bioforming and Terraforming: A Balance of Methods for Feasible Space Colonization

    Paper number



    Mr. Aaron Gronstal, International Space University (ISU), United States


    Mr. Julio Aprea Perez, International Space University (ISU), The Netherlands


    Mr. Tobias Bittner, International Space University (ISU), Germany


    Mr. Erik Clacey, Swedish Space Corporation, Sweden


    Mr. Angelo Grubisic, University of Southampton, United Kingdom


    Mr. Damian Rogers, Ryerson University, Canada



    This paper examines the potential application of nontraditional and oftentimes controversial methods to the future colonization of environments in the Solar System. Specifically, we focus on the prospect of colonizing Mars through the integration and application of advanced technologies in fields like genetics, information technology, robotics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, and terraforming. Here, we attempt to find an acceptable balance between terraformation of the Red Planet and the alteration of Earth-life in order to fit the new and novel conditions of the Martian habitat. We examine short-term, economically feasible terraforming methods that could change Mars into a more 'Earthlike' environment. Following this, we look at current methods of actively adapting life to fit these new Earthlike conditions. The purpose is to reduce the time spans and complexity involved in the complete terraformation of Mars, and ultimately results in the creation of a techno-ecosphere on the planet. One important aspect of our study is to examine the more sociopolitical, ethical, and moral questions that arise from this 'blurring of lines' between life and technology. In this way, we have attempted to address not only how these technologies can aid in the future of space exploration, but also to what level these technologies can be implemented based on societal considerations.
    Abstract document


    Manuscript document

    IAC-05-A5.1.09.pdf (🔒 authorized access only).

    To get the manuscript, please contact IAF Secretariat.