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  • Space Debris Remediation Using Solutions for On-Orbit Servicing

    Paper number



    Dr. Peter Hofmann, Kayser-Threde GmbH, Germany



    A6.6 (Space Debris Removal Concepts)‎
    Space Debris Remediation Using Solutions for On-Orbit Servicing
    Dr. Peter Hofmann
    ‎(Kayser-Threde GmbH, 81379 München, Germany, peter.hofmann@kayser-threde.com)‎
    Gerrit Hausmann
    ‎(Kayser-Threde GmbH, 81379 München, Germany, gerrit.hausmann@kayser-threde.com)‎
    Richard Haarmann
    ‎(Kayser-Threde GmbH, 81379 München, Germany, richard.haarmann@kayser-threde.com)‎
    Dr. Lutz Richter
    ‎(Kayser-Threde GmbH, 81379 München, Germany, lutz.richter@kayser-threde.com)‎
    Recently the ever-worsening space debris situation in key orbits such as LEO has been the subject of ‎growing international interest. One important element for the solution of this issue is active removal of ‎space debris objects. The necessary concepts and technologies are currently the subject of several ‎studies funded nationally (e.g. in the German DEOS mission), by ESA (Clean Space activities) and by ‎the European Commission (Horizon 2020 COMPET 4).‎
    Munich-based OHB group member Kayser-Threde has a long heritage in this field. Kayser-Threde was ‎responsible for key elements of the ROKVISS robotic arm on the outside of the ISS. Also, Kayser-‎Threde has played a lead role in the development of the visual navigation sensor system VIBANASS. ‎Kayser-Threde developed the robotic payload of the German DEOS mission during phase B1 and ‎commercial on-orbit servicing has been investigated in the context of the orbital life extension vehicle ‎‎(OLEV) for geostationary telecommunications satellites. Also here, Kayser-Threde was responsible for ‎the robotic payload.‎
    More recently, Kayser-Threde has led an international consortium to study a commercial service-‎oriented approach to active debris removal in ESA’s ADRS study. Here, cost efficient technical ‎concepts were developed and business models were investigated. A more traditional development ‎has been followed in 2014 by leading a study for ESA’s e.Deorbit mission phase A. In this project, ‎different technical approaches were investigated both for controlled deorbiting of space debris as ‎well as for graveyard re-orbiting. Finally, Kayser-Threde is responsible for the target spacecraft in the ‎current phase of the German DEOS.‎
    In this paper the most relevant technical approaches of these activities will be summarized for the ‎international space community. Additionally, promising commercial opportunities will be highlighted.‎
    DEOS is being developed with funding from the German DLR Space Administration. ADRS and the ‎e.Deorbit mission phase A are funded by ESA. The development of OLEV has been co-funded by ‎ESA and by the German DLR Space Administration. VIBANASS is a Kayser-Threde ‎development ‎project co-funded by the German ‎DLR Space Administration (Förderkennzeichen ‎‎50RA1001) and carried out in cooperation with ‎the DLR ‎Institute for Mechatronics and Robotics and ‎the DLR Institute for ‎Space Operations and Astronaut Training‎.‎
    Abstract document


    Manuscript document