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  • Start-Up Space: Global Investment Trends

    Paper number



    Mr. Manny Shar, United Kingdom, Bryce Space and Technology


    Ms. Jamil Castillo, United States, Bryce Space and Technology


    Ms. Gwen Mazzotta, United States, Bryce Space and Technology


    Ms. Luc Riesbeck, United States, Space Policy Institute, George Washington University


    Ms. Anna Wieger, United States, George Washington University


    Ms. Carissa Christensen, United States, Bryce Space and Technology



    Start-up space ventures have attracted over US\$21 billion in investment since the year 2000, including \$7.9 billion in early and late stage venture capital, \$3.1 billion in seed financing, and \$4.5 billion in debt financing. This cumulative study has identified nearly 700 unique investors in start-up space firms in the 21st century across six investor types (angel investors, venture capital firms, private equity firms, banks, corporations, and public markets), an increase of 120 from 2017. This paper analyzes space investment trends globally, including the geographic distribution of investors and space start-ups.  
    	Though start-up space companies and investors are still concentrated in the United States, investment and start-up activity is quickly diversifying to other world regions comprising dozens of countries. For example, this report highlights the increasing investment activity in Chinese ventures, as well as the nuances of Chinese commercial space capability development in recent years. Key questions this paper will address include: 
    \begin{itemize}\item How has global investment activity in the start-up space industry evolved over time? \end{itemize}
    \begin{itemize}\item How does investment activity in 2018 compare to overall investment since 2000? How does it compare to 2017 investment activity? \end{itemize}
    \begin{itemize}\item How large is the start-up space ecosystem, in terms of investment magnitude and number of companies and investors? \end{itemize}
    \begin{itemize}\item How many start-up space ventures have received private financing and from whom? \end{itemize}
    \begin{itemize}\item Where are space start-ups and investors headquartered? \end{itemize}
    \begin{itemize}\item What types of capital are start-ups attracting year-to-year, and how does that differ by region? \end{itemize}
    	The paper is based on an extensive set of validated, 21st century publicly sourced investment data providing insight into worldwide start-up space trends. This report seeks to aid and inform decision-making in industry, government, and academia by providing the space community with rigorous analyses of industry dynamics. Additionally, this report seeks to educate investors, the aerospace industry, and the wider public about activity in the emerging start-up space ecosystem.
    Abstract document


    Manuscript document

    IAC-19,E6,2,2,x51862.pdf (🔒 authorized access only).

    To get the manuscript, please contact IAF Secretariat.